Infrastructure Automation is the way towards scripting environment — from introducing a operating framework to introducing and designing servers on instances, to configure how the cases and software speak with each other and considerably more. Through scripting conditions, you can apply a similar arrangement to a solitary hub or to thousands.
Infrastructure Automation additionally has different names: Configuration administration, IT administration, provisioning, scripted infrastructures and system design management. The fact is the same: you are portraying your framework and its setup as a script or set of scripts with the goal that situations can be duplicated in a considerably less error inclined way.
Infrastructure Automation brings activity to both advancement and operations on the grounds that any approved member can edit the scripts while applying good development practices — for example, computerized testing and versioning — to your infrastructure.
In the previous decade, a few open source and business tools have developed to Support Infrastructure Automation. The open source tools incorporate Bcfg2, CFEngine, Chef, and Puppet. They can be utilized as a part of the cloud and in virtual and physical situations.
Chef and Puppet both utilize a Ruby space particular language(DSL) for scripting. Chef is communicated as an internal Ruby DSL and Puppet clients basically utilize its external DSL — additionally written in Ruby. These tools have a tendency to be utilized all the more
frequently in Linux framework automation, yet they have support for Windows too. Puppet has a bigger client base than Chef, and it offers more support for obsolete operating systems. With Puppet, you can set conditions on different tasks. Both tools are idempotent—which means you get a same outcome with a same arrangement regardless of how often you run it.
Devops Tools For Infrastructure Automation
Here are few tools available for infrastructure automation. These have to be selected based on the architecture and needs of the infrastructure needed by the organization. The tools fall under different categories like configuration management, orchestration, continuous integration and monitoring.
Infrastructure Automation Cloud Tools serves two important purposes.
- Automation of all routine, daily processes. This releases DevOps engineers and other IT professionals’ time allowing them to focus on design and engineering activities.
- Automation of diverse, complex environments. Infrastructure management becomes easier; it improves enterprise agility and enhances market responsiveness.
Both licensed commercial enterprise tools, as well as open source tools are available. Open source tools are popular because of the cost savings involved asalso the additional, features they offer. Chef, Puppet, Bcfg2 and CFEngine are some popular OS tools. There help in configuration management, orchestration, continuous integration and monitoring.
Some examples of these are -
- Terraform, a cloud agnostic tool for IT Infra Provisioning.
- Chef, a Ruby based tool that provisions virtual machines and provisions them as per the rules in the ‘cookbook’.
- Puppet also Ruby based, runs a puppet agent on servers and installs software in the compiled module pulled from server.
- Saltstack is Python based, supports remote execution of commands and can push code to several nodes at the same time.
- Ansible is a configuration management and orchestration tool. It can be used for provisioning using configuration modules called “Playbooks”
- Jenkins is a continuous integration for rapid application delivery. It is also an orchestration tool for application provisioning and deployment
- Docker works by creating isolated application environments called containers. These are shipped to servers without impacting the application. It is used for process level virtualization.